A Multistage Deep Belief Networks Application on Arrhythmia Classification

  • Gokhan ALTAN
  • Yakup KUTLU
  • Novruz ALLAHVERDI
Keywords: Arrhythmia, Deep Belief Networks, DBN, Deep Learning, AAMI, ECG Waveform, Second Order Difference Plot, SODP

Abstract

An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a biomedical signal type that determines the normality and abnormality of heart beats using the electrical activity of the heart and has a great importance for cardiac disorders. The computer-aided analysis of biomedical signals has become a fabulous utilization method over the last years. This study introduces a multistage deep learning classification model for automatic arrhythmia classification. The proposed model includes a multi-stage classification system that uses ECG waveforms and the Second Order Difference Plot (SODP) features using a Deep Belief Network (DBN) classifier which has a greedy layer wise training with Restricted Boltzmann Machines algorithm. The multistage DBN model classified the MIT-BIH Arrhythmia Database heartbeats into 5 main groups defined by ANSI/AAMI standards. All ECG signals are filtered with median filters to remove the baseline wander. ECG waveforms were segmented from long-term ECG signals using a window with a length of 501 data points (R wave centered). The extracted waveforms and elliptical features from the SODP are utilized as the input of the model.  The proposed DBN-based multistage arrhythmia classification model has discriminated five types of heartbeats with a high accuracy rate of 96.10%.

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Published
2016-12-26
How to Cite
[1]
G. ALTAN, Y. KUTLU, and N. ALLAHVERDI, “A Multistage Deep Belief Networks Application on Arrhythmia Classification”, IJISAE, pp. 222-228, Dec. 2016.
Section
Research Article