Vertical Greening: A Decisive Approach to Mitigate the Rising Temperature in Chennai Due to Land use Change and Land cover Change
Keywords:loss of vegetation, Urban sprawl, urban temperature, Vertical greening
The environment's ecological balance has been completely disrupted as a result of the fast urbanization that has been taking place over time. The volume of vegetation has been steadily declining as a result of various development operations. Today's changing patterns in urban sprawl and the diverse character of the urban vegetation cover make it difficult to monitor the loss of vegetation cover. To satisfy human needs, buildings are being built at an alarming rate, endangering the environment and resulting in the rise of urban temperature. Bringing back the lost greenery is very important to provide a comfortable environment by lowering the urban temperature. However, as the land has been taken up for construction activities, replanting all trees on the ground is impossible due to a shortage of space and growing trees requires lots of time. To address the above issue, Vertical greening is a feasible and sustainable approach to bringing back the lost greenery on the vertical surface of the buildings. To take full advantage of a Vertical Greening System (VGS) in terms of thermal performance in a hot and humid climate like Chennai, a research series was conducted to establish the need for vertical greening due to land use change, to widen the knowledge on vertical greening, analyze on different types of VGS to come out with an efficient VGS for hot and humid climate along with exploring the efficiency of native species in reducing the air temperature. This paper establishes the need for vertical greening due to land use and land cover change in Chennai.
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