Design of Security Surveillance and Automatic Water System for Agriculture


  • Keerthi Kethineni Research Scholar, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Vaddeswaram, Guntur, India Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, V R Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada, 520007, India
  • G. Pradeepini Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Vaddeswaram, Guntur, 522302, India.


Arduino, Sensors, automatic irrigation, Moisture Content


As automation technology progresses, life becomes simpler and easier in every manner. Automatic systems outnumber manual methods in today's world. The automatic system is a developing system of daily objects, ranging from industrial machines to consumer items that can execute duties. The same automation when introduced in agriculture activities will helps farmers in getting good crop. The farmer's dependency on the seasons reduces productivity and constitutes a barrier to the achievement of the food self-sufficiency strategy.  Some framers who are involved in mango, guava farming has theft of crop. To solve the problem, an agricultural instrument based on information and communication technologies is required. The goal of this work was to create a programmable microcontroller chip that could regulate irrigation autonomously and also provide security by capturing and storing the data of the persons visiting the filed. An arduino microcontroller is programmed to sensor the moisture level of plants at a specific point in time; if the moisture content is less than a predetermined threshold based on the specific plant's water requirement, the necessary amount of water is delivered until it passes the threshold.  Farmers did not have to irrigate their crops by hand and can also check the saved data of on filed trespassers, this helps farmers to identify the persons in case of crop theft.


Download data is not yet available.


AQUASTAT. (2016). Water Uses. Retrieved from water_use/index.stm

Flörke, M., Kynast, E., Bärlund, I., Eisner, S., Wimmer, F., & Alcamo, J. (2013). Domestic and industrial water uses of the past 60 years as a mirror of socio-economic development: A global simulation study. Global Environmental Change, 23(1),144–156.

Sandeep Kaur and Deepali, (2017) "An automatic irrigation system for different crops with WSN", 2017 6th International Conference on Reliability, Infocom Technologies and Optimization (Trends and Future Directions) (ICRITO), Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Noida, India.

N. Siththtikumar1 and M. W. P. Maduranga, 2016, "Designing and Implimenting an Arduino Based Low Cost Automated Water Irrigat ion System for Home Gardens", International Research Symposium on Engineering Advancements (IRSEA) SAITM, Malabe, Sri Lanka.

Devika, S. V, Khamuruddeen, S., Khamurunnisa, S., Thota, J., & Shaik, K. (2014) Arduino Based Automatic Plant Watering System. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, 4(10), 449–456

Agrawal, N., & Singhal, S. (2015). Smart drip irrigation system using raspberry pi and arduino. International Conference on Computing, Communication & Automation, 928–932

P. Tapak and M. Csiba, “LoT Plant Watering,” in 2018 16th International Conference on Emerging eLearning Technologies and Applications (ICETA), 2018, pp. 563–568.

A. Selmani et al., “Multithreading design for an embedded irrigation system running on solar power,” in 2018 4th International Conference on Optimization and Applications (ICOA), 2018, pp. 1–5.

X. Li and Y. Yu, “A high accuracy temperature control system based on ARM9,” in 2011 International Conference on Electrical and Control Engineering, 2011, pp. 23–26.

M. L. G. Polpitiya, G. R. Raban, W. K. S. S. Prasanna, D. T. S. Perera, D. P. Chandima, and U. K. D. L. Udawatta, “Wireless agricultural sensor network,” in TENCON 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference, 2012, pp. 1–6.

N. R. Patel, R. B. Lanjewar, S. S. Mathurkar, and A. A. Bhandekar, “Microcontroller based drip irrigation system using smart sensor,” in 2013 Annual IEEE India Conference (INDICON), 2013, pp. 1–5.

K. Sathish kannan and G. Thilagavathi, “Online farming based on embedded systems and wireless sensor networks,” in 2013 International Conference on Computation of Power, Energy, Information and Communication (ICCPEIC), 2013, pp. 71–74.

Proposed System model




How to Cite

K. . Kethineni and G. . Pradeepini, “Design of Security Surveillance and Automatic Water System for Agriculture”, Int J Intell Syst Appl Eng, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 212–215, Feb. 2023.



Research Article