Energy Efficiency Minimum Rank with Hysteresis Objective Function (EE-MRHOF) for RPL routing in IoT Networks


  • A. Ramesh Assistant Professor, Dept. of CSE, Annamalai university, Annamalainagar, Tamilnadu
  • K. Kamali Assistant Professor, Dept. of CSE, Annamalai university, Annamalainagar, Tamilnadu


Internet of Things (IoT), Low power and Lossy networks (LLN), Minimum Rank with Hysteresis Objective Function (MRHOF), Energy efficiency, Cross-layer metrics


The challenges posed by Internet of Things (IoT) devices with limited resources can be overcome by developing cross-layer approaches that are adapted to their constraints. This paper aims to present a cross-layer technique in order to meet the QoS requirements of all IoT devices and maximise their energy efficiency. The IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks (RPL) is mainly intended for Internet of Things devices with limited resources. In this paper, Energy Efficiency Minimum Rank with Hysteresis Objective Function (EE-MRHOF) for RPL routing is proposed. The basic MRHOF consists of hop counts and Expected Transmission Count (ETX) metrics. In this work, MRHOF is extended by including a cost function which is derived from the cross-layer metrics Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio (SINR), Strobe per Packet Ratio (SPR) and total power consumption. By simulation results, it has been shown that EE-MRHOF achieves maximum energy efficiency and packet delivery ratio with reduced packet loss rate and latency.


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How to Cite

Ramesh, A. ., & Kamali, K. . (2024). Energy Efficiency Minimum Rank with Hysteresis Objective Function (EE-MRHOF) for RPL routing in IoT Networks. International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications in Engineering, 12(16s), 01–07. Retrieved from



Research Article