Deciphering Excellence: Comparative Study of Deep Learning Models in Handwriting Recognition


  • Sunitha S. Nair Department of Digital Sciences Research Scholar, Karunya Institute of Technology and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
  • P. Ranjit Jeba Thangaiah Department of Digital Sciences Associate Professor, Karunya Institute of Technology and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India


Convolutional Neural Network, Deep Learning, Handwritten Character Recognition, Optical Character Recognition, Pattern Recognition, Recurrent Neural Network


In the digital age, handwritten character recognition (HCR) is a vital technique that makes handwritten text easier to read and use by converting it into a machine-encoded format. Handwritten words, symbols, or characters can be automatically recognized and interpreted using HCR. The main objective of HCR is to transform handwritten text into machine-encoded text and make it readable and usable in digital formats. This technology falls under the category of optical character recognition (OCR), which is a broad term that includes handwritten and printed text recognition. This paper presents an efficient HCR model that makes use of Deep Convolutional Neural Networks (DCNN) with variable filters and feature fusion. The model's performance is gauged using a handcrafted dataset, and comparative analysis is conducted with CNN+ Bi-LSTM and CNN+ Bi-GRU models. The suggested Deep CNN with Variable Filters and Feature Fusion Model surpasses the other models with an accuracy of 98.86%. The findings underscore the effectiveness of merging sequential and convolutional modelling approaches and stress the need for complex architectures to achieve the best accuracy possible in HCR challenges. This study advances the field and emphasizes the importance of technological innovation in enhancing data input techniques across businesses, digitizing manuscripts, and protecting cultural heritage.


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How to Cite

Nair, S. S. ., & Thangaiah, P. R. J. . (2024). Deciphering Excellence: Comparative Study of Deep Learning Models in Handwriting Recognition . International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications in Engineering, 12(16s), 602–614. Retrieved from



Research Article