Performance Optimization of Long-Haul Optical Transmission Link with Optical-OFDM


  • Jyoti Prashant Singh, Deepak Kumar Singh, B. B. Tiwari


Optical-OFDM, Subcarriers, Long-haul transmission, RF-OFDM, MIMO, MATLAB.


This research focuses on improving communication system performance by implementing optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM). OFDM is utilized to extract data from high-capacity systems involved in extensive information transmission. Advanced computer programs and strategic methodologies are employed to develop a measurable and highly efficient communication system. The study delves into both theoretical and practical applications of these techniques. Using MATLAB simulations, the investigation into OFDM capabilities offers a robust platform for comprehensive analysis and evaluation. Researchers can easily adjust subcarrier separation, modulating schemes, and other key parameters to gauge their impact on system performance. This adaptability facilitates thorough exploration of various scenarios and optimization strategies. The findings of this study provide valuable insights into the effectiveness and feasibility of optical multiplexing with OFDM for high-capacity transmission in optical communication systems. Optical OFDM, through simulations, demonstrates outstanding spectrum utilization in the light domain compared to conventional radio-frequency (RF) OFDM, owing to its ability to tightly allocate subcarriers.


Download data is not yet available.


S. Kaur and R. Goyal, "Impact of Scintillation Effect on Clear Weather and Fog Conditions using MDM-WDM Modulation Technique," Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 2426, (1), pp. 012062, 2023. Available: effect-on-clear-weather-fog/docview/2777448509/se-2. DOI: 6596/2426/1/012062.

F. M. Rodrigo et al, "A Review of Cognitive Hybrid Radio Frequency/Visible Light Communication Systems for Wireless Sensor Networks," Sensors, vol. 23, (18), pp. 7815, 2023. Available: frequency-visible/docview/2869629798/se-2. DOI:

Q. Wu et al, "Machine Learning for Self-Coherent Detection Short-Reach Optical Communications," Photonics, vol. 10, (9), pp. 1001, 2023. Available: short/docview/2869480169/se-2. DOI:

P. A. Loureiro, F. P. Guiomar and P. P. Monteiro, "Visible Light Communications: A Survey on Recent High-Capacity Demonstrations and Digital Modulation Techniques," Photonics, vol. 10, (9), pp. 993, 2023. Available: communications-survey-on-recent/docview/2869479843/se-2. DOI:

F. Tian et al, "Kramers–Kronig Transmission with a Crosstalk-Dependent Step Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Volterra Equalizer in a Seven-Core Fiber," Photonics, vol. 10, (9), pp. 1017, 2023. Available: with-crosstalk/docview/2869479829/se-2. DOI:

J. de Curtò, I. de Zarzà and C. T. Calafate, "UWB and MB-OFDM for Lunar Rover Navigation and Communication," Mathematics, vol. 11, (18), pp. 3835, 2023. Available: communication/docview/2869429844/se-2. DOI:

G. K. Varotsos et al, "Energy-Efficient Emerging Optical Wireless Links," Energies, vol. 16, (18), pp. 6485, 2023. Available: emerging-optical-wireless-links/docview/2869335191/se-2. DOI:

X. Liu et al, "Joint Resource Allocation and Drones Relay Selection for Large-Scale D2D Communication Underlaying Hybrid VLC/RF IoT Systems," Drones, vol. 7, (9), pp. 589, 2023. Available: selection/docview/2869293658/se-2. DOI:

J. Chung and L. Seong-Real, "Compensation of the Distorted WDM Signals by Symmetric Dispersion Map with Nonuniform Zero-Crossing Place of Accumulated Dispersion in Midway- OPCSystem, "Sciences, vol. 13, (18), pp. 10456, 2023. Available: symmetric/docview/2869236922/se-2.DOI:

B. A. Lisandra et al, "A Review of Hybrid VLC/RF Networks: Features, Applications, and Future Directions," Sensors, vol. 23, (17), pp. 7545, 2023. Available: features/docview/2862738853/se-2. DOI:

L. Yuan-Zeng et al, "Flexible Data Rate Allocation Using Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) in a Mode Division Multiplexing (MDM) Optical Power Splitter for System-on-Chip Networks," Sensors, vol. 23, (16), pp. 7259, 2023. Available: non/docview/2857446652/se-2. DOI:

J. Zhang et al, "Experimental Comparison of Carrier Phase Recovery Algorithms for Uniform and Probabilistically Shaped QAM in a 324.1 Gb/S Fiber-mm-Wave Integration System at W- Band," Photonics, vol. 10, (8), pp. 927, 2023. Available: journals/experimental-comparison-carrier-phase-recovery/docview/2857438980/se-2. DOI:

X. Jiang, Y. Wang, and W. Lu, "Performance of HQAM/XQAM Laser Communication System in Anisotropic Non-Kolmogorov Ground–HAP–Satellite Uplink," Photonics, vol. 10, (8), pp. 895, 2023. Available: xqam-laser-communication-system/docview/2857438968/se-2. DOI:

T. Wang et al, "Error Characterization of Differential Detection and Non-Differential Detection for MIMO UWOC Systems in Seawater Turbulent Channels," Photonics, vol. 10, (8), pp. 859, 2023. Available: differential-detection-non/docview/2857438420/se-2. DOI:

J. Pérez Santacruz et al, "Outdoor mm-wave 5G/6G transmission with adaptive analog beamforming and IFoF fronthaul," Scientific Reports (Nature Publisher Group), vol. 13, (1), pp. 13945, 2023. Available: transmission-with-adaptive/docview/2857165623/se-2. DOI: 40112-w.

F. Kanwal et al, "A Secure Optical Body Area Network Based on Free Space Optics and Time-Delayed 2D-Spectral/Spatial Optical CDMA," Applied Sciences, vol. 13, (16), pp. 9347, 2023. Available: network-based-on-free/docview/2856797617/se-2. DOI:

X. Yan et al, "Two-Stage Link Loss Optimization of Divergent Gaussian Beams for Narrow Field-of-View Receivers in Line-of-Sight Indoor Downlink Optical Wireless Communication (Invited)," Photonics, vol. 10, (7), pp. 815, 2023. Available: journals/two-stage-link-loss-optimization-divergent/docview/2843103411/se-2. DOI:

Y. Tien-Wei et al, "Design of Silicon Photonics Integrated Bulk Zigzag and Sinusoidal Structured Mode Conversion Devices Using Genetic Algorithm (GA) Optimization," Photonics, vol. 10, (7), pp. 759, 2023. Available: silicon-photonics-integrated-bulk-zigzag/docview/2843103345/se-2. DOI:

X. Liu et al, "Low-Complexity Pruned Convolutional Neural Network Based Nonlinear Equalizer in Coherent Optical Communication Systems," Electronics, vol. 12, (14), pp. 3120, 2023. Available: convolutional-neural/docview/2843054407/se-2. DOI:

B. Dong et al, "Broadband quantum-dot frequency-modulated comb laser," Light: Science and Applications, vol. 12, (1), pp. 182, 2023. Available: journals/broadband-quantum-dot-frequency-modulated-comb/docview/2841684310/se-2. DOI:

Y. Huo et al, "Technology Trends for Massive MIMO towards 6G," Sensors, vol. 23, (13), pp. 6062, 2023. Available: massive-mimo-towards-6g/docview/2836475565/se-2. DOI:

C. He and C. Chen, "A Review of Advanced Transceiver Technologies in Visible Light Communications," Photonics, vol. 10, (6), pp. 648, 2023. Available: visible/docview/2829846716/se-2. DOI:

S. Edirisinghe et al, "Recent Development of Emerging Indoor Wireless Networks towards 6G," Network, vol. 3, (2), pp. 269, 2023. Available: journals/recent-development-emerging-indoor-wireless/docview/2829844072/se-2. DOI:

D. M. Manias et al, "The Role of Optical Transport Networks in 6G and Beyond: A Vision and Call to Action," Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks, vol. 12, (3), pp. 43, 2023. Available: vision/docview/2829817276/se-2. DOI:

N. G. Pantea et al, "Optical Systems Identification through Rayleigh Backscattering," Sensors, vol. 23, (11), pp. 5269, 2023. Available: systems-identification-through-rayleigh/docview/2824047732/se-2. DOI:

E. Biernacka and J. Domżał, "Performance Analysis of Automatic Hidden Ligthpaths in Multi-LayerNetworks," Photonics, vol

A. Cherifi et al, "Capacity Improvement of 3D-OCDMA-PON Hybrid System Next Generation Using Weight Zero Cross Correlation Code," Applied Sciences, vol. 13, (10), pp. 5869, 2023. Available: pon-hybrid-system/docview/2819278757/se-2. DOI:

D. Neves et al, "Beyond 5G Fronthaul Based on FSO Using Spread Spectrum Codes and GrapheneModulators,"vol..

X. Tang et al, "A Low-Complexity Joint Compensation Scheme of Carrier Recovery for Coherent Free-Space Optical Communication," Photonics, vol. 10, (4), pp. 389, 2023. Available: carrier/docview/2806574880/se-2. DOI:

X. Tang et al, "A Low-Complexity Joint Compensation Scheme of Carrier Recovery for Coherent Free-Space Optical Communication," Photonics, vol. 10, (4), pp. 389, 2023. Available: carrier/docview/2806574880/se-2. DOI:




How to Cite

Deepak Kumar Singh, B. B. Tiwari, J. P. S. (2024). Performance Optimization of Long-Haul Optical Transmission Link with Optical-OFDM . International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications in Engineering, 12(21s), 442–453. Retrieved from



Research Article