Digital Transformation in Healthcare: A Bibliometric Analysis


  • Zhang Luxin, Wan Mohd Hirwani Wan Hussain


Digital transformation, healthcare, bibliometric, hospital, digitization


This study systematically examines the digital transformation in healthcare through bibliometric analysis, offering a comprehensive overview. By analyzing 918 documents, we assessed various dimensions, including geographical distribution, publication year, research domains, prolific authors, institutions, publishers, and highly cited articles. Our findings highlight the growing importance and interdisciplinary nature of this field, emphasizing the need for collaborative efforts among researchers. As digital transformation evolves, academia, industry, and policymakers must work together to leverage technological advancements to improve healthcare outcomes and enhance human well-being. Sustained and expanded research efforts are essential to fully realize its potential benefits.


Download data is not yet available.


Agarwal, R., DesRoches, C. M., & Jha, A. K. (2010). The Digital Transformation of Healthcare: Current Status and the Road Ahead.

Ahmi, A. (2023). biblioMagika.

Arabi, Y. M., Azoulay, E., Al-Dorzi, H. M., Phua, J., Salluh, J., Binnie, A., Hodgson, C., Angus, D. C., Cecconi, M., & Du, B. (2021). How the COVID-19 pandemic will change the future of critical care. Intensive care medicine, 47, 282-291.

Burnham, J. F. (2006). Scopus database: a review. Biomedical Digital Libraries, 3(1), 1.

Burton-Jones, A., Akhlaghpour, S., Ayre, S., Barde, P., Staib, A., & Sullivan, C. (2020). Changing the conversation on evaluating digital transformation in healthcare: Insights from an institutional analysis. Information and Organization, 30(1), 100255.

Dal Mas, F., Massaro, M., Rippa, P., & Secundo, G. (2023). The challenges of digital transformation in healthcare: An interdisciplinary literature review, framework, and future research agenda. Technovation, 123, 102716.

Dimitrov, D. V. (2016). Medical internet of things and big data in healthcare. Healthcare informatics research, 22(3), 156.

Dionisio, M., de Souza Junior, S. J., Paula, F., & Pellanda, P. C. (2023). The role of digital transformation in improving the efficacy of healthcare: A systematic review. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 34(1), 100442.

Erumban, A. A., & Das, D. K. (2020). ICT investment and economic growth in India: An industry perspective. Digitalisation and Development: Issues for India and Beyond, 89-117.

Hermes, S., Riasanow, T., Clemons, E. K., Böhm, M., & Krcmar, H. (2020). The digital transformation of the healthcare industry: exploring the rise of emerging platform ecosystems and their influence on the role of patients. Business Research, 13(3), 1033-1069.

Huang, C.-W., Lai, Y.-C., Chiu, C.-Y., Jan, P.-T., & Chen, Y.-H. (2023). Key Strategies for Digital Transformation-A Non-medical Center Hospital in Taiwan as An Example. Journal of Internet Technology, 24(2), 389-400.

Kraus, S., Schiavone, F., Pluzhnikova, A., & Invernizzi, A. C. (2021). Digital transformation in healthcare: Analyzing the current state-of-research. Journal of Business Research, 123, 557-567.

Leone, D., Schiavone, F., Appio, F. P., & Chiao, B. (2021). How does artificial intelligence enable and enhance value co-creation in industrial markets? An exploratory case study in the healthcare ecosystem. Journal of Business Research, 129, 849-859.

Li, J.-P. O., Liu, H., Ting, D. S., Jeon, S., Chan, R. P., Kim, J. E., Sim, D. A., Thomas, P. B., Lin, H., & Chen, Y. (2021). Digital technology, tele-medicine and artificial intelligence in ophthalmology: A global perspective. Progress in retinal and eye research, 82, 100900.

Marques, I. C., & Ferreira, J. J. (2020). Digital transformation in the area of health: systematic review of 45 years of evolution. Health and Technology, 10(3), 575-586.

Massa, A., & Anzera, G. (2023). STATES VS. TECH GIANTS. The Routledge Handbook of Soft Power.

Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., Altman, D. G., & Group, P. (2010). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. International journal of surgery, 8(5), 336-341.

Nikendei, C., Weyrich, P., Jünger, J., & Schrauth, M. (2009). Medical education in Germany. Medical Teacher, 31(7), 591-600.

Raimo, N., De Turi, I., Albergo, F., & Vitolla, F. (2023). The drivers of the digital transformation in the healthcare industry: An empirical analysis in Italian hospitals. Technovation, 121, 102558.

Saifudin, A., Aima, M., Sutawidjaya, A., & Sugiyono, S. (2021). Hospital digitalization in the era of industry 4.0 based on GHRM and service quality. International Journal of Data and Network Science, 5(2), 107-114.

Siegel, S., Hall, B., & Taylor, K. (2020). Digital Transformation-Shaping the Future of European Healthcare. London: Deloitte Centre for Health Solutions.

statista. (2024).

Tang, D. (2021). What is digital transformation? EDPACS, 64(1), 9-13.

Uslu, B. Ç., Okay, E., & Dursun, E. (2020). Analysis of factors affecting IoT-based smart hospital design. Journal of Cloud Computing, 9(1), 67.

Vallbona, C., Tobias, P. R., Moffet, C., Baker, R. L., & Beggs, S. (1973). Computer support for a neighborhood health clinic: design and implementation. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering(3), 180-184.

Winarsih, Indriastuti, M., & Fuad, K. (2021). Impact of covid-19 on digital transformation and sustainability in small and medium enterprises (smes): A conceptual framework. Complex, Intelligent and Software Intensive Systems: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Complex, Intelligent and Software Intensive Systems (CISIS-2020),

Yeung, A. W. K., Kulnik, S. T., Parvanov, E. D., Fassl, A., Eibensteiner, F., Völkl-Kernstock, S., Kletecka-Pulker, M., Crutzen, R., Gutenberg, J., & Höppchen, I. (2022). Research on digital technology use in cardiology: Bibliometric analysis. Journal of medical Internet research, 24(5), e36086.

Zakaria, R., Ahmi, A., Ahmad, A. H., Othman, Z., Azman, K. F., Ab Aziz, C. B., Ismail, C. A. N., & Shafin, N. (2021). Visualising and mapping a decade of literature on honey research: A bibliometric analysis from 2011 to 2020. Journal of Apicultural Research, 60(3), 359-368.

Zaoui, F., & Souissi, N. (2020). Roadmap for digital transformation: A literature review. Procedia Computer Science, 175, 621-628.

Zhou, W.-J., Wan, Q.-Q., Liu, C.-Y., Feng, X.-L., & Shang, S.-M. (2017). Determinants of patient loyalty to healthcare providers: An integrative review. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 29(4), 442-449.




How to Cite

Zhang Luxin,. (2024). Digital Transformation in Healthcare: A Bibliometric Analysis. International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications in Engineering, 12(21s), 3969–3986. Retrieved from



Research Article