Proposed Authentication Platform for E-Voting IoT System
Keywords:E-voting, Blockchain, Raspberry Pi, Computer security, Lightweight block cipher, Speck algorithm
In recent years, traditional elections have failed to satisfy public and political authorities. The traditional elections paper based is suffering from many issues of cheating the ballots or spoilage of the election documents. As a result to these mentioned issues many countries go forward adopting the electronic voting system to tackle the issues of traditional voting. Elections aren't entirely safe because votes can be easily hacked. It also jeopardizes voter privacy and transparency. Furthermore, counting the ballots takes far too long. This paper suggests a Blockchain-based solution to address all of the problems of traditional elections. Theoretically, vote security, authentication, and data integrity are guaranteed. This research proposed a voting center by using and IOT point that saves the votes as a blockchain block attached to a blockchain. Because the data inside the blockchain is not encrypted so there is a need for encryption to ensure the privacy of the data in each block, accordingly the security is ensured by Speck cipher lightweight block cipher and bakers chaotic key generator to increase the safety of the information in each block (Vote). The reason behind choosing the lightweight is to operate the encryption method on IOT point with a limited hardware resources like Raspberry pi. The use of the blockchain as a secured public leader with a powerful hashing system with light weight speck cipher show a good improvement in block’s data integrity and privacy. Authentication is also provided using a fingerprint logging system. The authentication fingerprint system was accurate and efficient. The proposed e-voting system lets voters Vote either in-office or elsewhere. Finally, the proposed Blockchain voting mechanism significantly reduced the time of creating blocks and encryption of data inside each block.
T. Ahmad, A. H. Azizah, and H. Studiawan, “Fingerprint-Based Authentication and Cryptography in An E-Voting System,” Jurnal Manajemen Informatika, vol. 2, no. 2. pp. 7–11, 2013. [Online]. Available: http://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/article/10004/65/article.pdf.
K. Dhinakaran, P. M. Britto Hrudaya Raj, and D. Vinod, A Secure Electronic Voting System Using Blockchain Technology, vol. 166. IEEE, 2021. doi: 10.1007/978-981-15-9689-6_34.
K. Srikrishnaswetha, S. Kumar, and M. Rashid Mahmood, “A Study on Smart Electronics Voting Machine Using Face Recognition and Aadhar Verification with IOT,” Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, vol. 65. pp. 87–95, 2019. doi: 10.1007/978-981-13-3765-9_10.
K. M. Khan, J. Arshad, and M. M. Khan, “Investigating performance constraints for blockchain based secure e-voting system,” Futur. Gener. Comput. Syst., vol. 105, pp. 13–26, Apr. 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.future.2019.11.005.
S. Kanchana, “Fingerprint Based Biometric Authentication in Iot for Resolving Security Challenges,” International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews, vol. 5, no. 4. pp. 1000–1003, 2018. [Online]. Available: www.ijrar.org
A. K. Koç, E. Yavuz, U. C. Çabuk, and G. Dalkiliç, “Towards secure e-voting using ethereum blockchain,” 2018. doi: 10.1109/ISDFS.2018.8355340.
A. A. Altun and M. Bilgin, “Web based secure e-voting system with fingerprint authentication,” Scientific Research and Essays, vol. 6, no. 12. pp. 2494–2500, 2011.
V. Kiruthika Priya, V. Vimaladevi, B. Pandimeenal, and T. Dhivya, “Arduino based smart electronic voting machine,” in Proceedings - International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics, ICEI 2017, 2018, vol. 2018-Janua, pp. 641–644. doi: 10.1109/ICOEI.2017.8300781.
“ELECTRONIC VOTING SYSTEM BASED ON FINGERPRINT RECOGNITION AND RADIO,” no. January, pp. 0–11, 2018.
B. Shahzad and J. Crowcroft, “Trustworthy Electronic Voting Using Adjusted Blockchain Technology,” IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 24477–24488, 2019, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2895670.
T. N. N.R.Sathis Kumar, “FINGERPRINT BASED ATTENDANCE SYSTEM USING RASPBERRY PI.” pp. 46–50, 2019.
B. Sudharsan, V. Rishi Tharun, N. M. P. Krishna, J. Boopathi Raj, S. M. Arvindh, and M. Alagappan, “Secured Electronic Voting System Using the Concepts of Blockchain,” in 2019 IEEE 10th Annual Information Technology, Electronics and Mobile Communication Conference, IEMCON 2019, 2019, pp. 675–681. doi: 10.1109/IEMCON.2019.8936310.
K. Isirova, A. Kiian, M. Rodinko, and A. Kuznetsov, “Decentralized electronic voting system based on blockchain technology developing principals,” 2020.
A. Shah, N. Sodhia, S. Saha, S. Banerjee, and M. Chavan, “Blockchain Enabled Online-Voting System,” ITM Web Conf., vol. 32, p. 03018, 2020, doi: 10.1051/itmconf/20203203018.
M. M. Ganesan, M. M. Shafeek, K. Thiyagarajan, M. Logesh, and M. Akash, “Biometric E-Voting With Multi Factor Authentication Using Iot Technology,” Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education, vol. 12, no. 13. pp. 759–761, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.freepdfconvert.com/membership
S. P. Gupta and A. M. T. Computer, “E-Voting using Blockchain.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2021.
B. A. O. and O. M. Olaniyi, A. A. Aboaba, and O. T. Arulogun, “Multifactor authentication technique for a secure electronic voting system.”
A. Ben Ayed, “A Conceptual Secure Blockchain Based Electronic Voting System,” Int. J. Netw. Secur. Its Appl., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 01–09, May 2017, doi: 10.5121/ijnsa.2017.9301.
A. Md. Shahriare, S. Niloy, H. Md. Inzamam-Ul, and B. Mohammed Golam Sarwar, “IRJET- Blockchain-Based Secured E- Voting System to Remove the Opacity and Ensure the Clarity of Election of Deve ...,” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology. 2020. [Online]. Available: www.irjet.net
A. Bossert, S. Cooper, and A. Wiesmaier, “A comparison of block ciphers SIMON , SPECK , and KATAN,” 2016, [Online]. Available: https://www.cdc.informatik.tu-darmstadt.de/fileadmin/user_upload/Group_CDC/Documents/Lehre/Seminar_IoT/2016-09-05_TR_SimonSpeckKatan.pdf
“A Framework for Digital Image Encryption using Chaotic Baker Map with SHA Algorithm,” Int. J. Innov. Technol. Explor. Eng., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 4093–4097, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.35940/ijitee.b7716.129219.
H. Y. Chien, “Group Authentication with Multiple Trials and Multiple Authentications,” Secur. Commun. Networks, vol. 2017, p. 7, 2017, doi: 10.1155/2017/3109624.
X. Jia, N. Hu, S. Yin, Y. Zhao, C. Zhang, and X. Cheng, “A2Chain: A Blockchain-Based Decentralized Authentication Scheme for 5G-Enabled IoT,” Mobile Information Systems, vol. 2020. 2020. doi: 10.1155/2020/8889192.
“ETRI Journal - 2020 - Abuidris - Secure large‐scale E‐voting system based on blockchain contract using a hybrid consensus.pdf.”
J. ABEGUNDE, “ADEVA: A Decentralized Electronic Voting Application Using Blockchain Technology.” 2022. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.36227/techrxiv.18331538.v1%0Ahttps://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/33094067
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
All papers should be submitted electronically. All submitted manuscripts must be original work that is not under submission at another journal or under consideration for publication in another form, such as a monograph or chapter of a book. Authors of submitted papers are obligated not to submit their paper for publication elsewhere until an editorial decision is rendered on their submission. Further, authors of accepted papers are prohibited from publishing the results in other publications that appear before the paper is published in the Journal unless they receive approval for doing so from the Editor-In-Chief.
IJISAE open access articles are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. This license lets the audience to give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made and if they remix, transform, or build upon the material, they must distribute contributions under the same license as the original.