Cyber Security Frameworks through the Lens of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): A Systematic Literature Review


  • Vaidyanathan R. Iyer Research Scholar, Department of Management, KL University, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh 522302, India
  • Kishore Babu Dean Management Humanities & Science, KL University, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh 522302, India
  • Vignesh Ram Guruswamy Assistant Professor, Department of Geopolitics and International Relations, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Manipal, Karnataka 576104, India


cyber security frameworks (CSF), foreign direct investment (FDI), policy, governs, critical infrastructure


Cybersecurity is an essential aspect for businesses to safeguard themselves against cyber-attacks and ensure the protection, confidentiality, integrity, and availability of sensitive data. A strong cybersecurity posture can increase business resilience and minimize the risk of costly security breaches, thereby building trust with investors, customers, and partners. This, in turn, can create a competitive advantage that attracts foreign direct investment (FDI) and fuels business growth. Therefore, the interplay between cybersecurity frameworks and FDI is of paramount importance. This paper aims to explore the existing research on this interplay through a systematic literature review methodology and qualitative synthesis of data. The review found that a robust cybersecurity framework is crucial for building trust and confidence among investors, customers, and partners, which can help attract FDI and foster business growth across critical infrastructures and sectors. The review critically assessed different cybersecurity frameworks and their implementation strategies and identified potential research gaps while proposing possible solutions to address them. The study underscores the need for critical infrastructures to implement a comprehensive Cyber Assurance Framework that can help them identify and manage cybersecurity risks effectively. Additionally, the importance of adopting new cybersecurity technologies and practices that align with emerging technology-based threats due to the growth of Cloud, IoT, Artificial Intelligence, and Machine Learning was highlighted. Policymakers and regulatory bodies should also work together to establish a clear and robust Cyber Assurance Framework and Policy that provides guidance and support to businesses in their cybersecurity efforts. This paper is the first to provide valuable insights for businesses, policymakers, and regulatory bodies on the importance of a cybersecurity framework in attracting FDI and fostering long-term business growth. The findings of this review would aid policymakers and regulatory bodies in informing their policy decisions and providing guidance and support to businesses in their cybersecurity efforts.


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How to Cite

R. Iyer, V. ., Babu, K. ., & Guruswamy, V. R. . (2023). Cyber Security Frameworks through the Lens of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): A Systematic Literature Review. International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications in Engineering, 12(4s), 279–291. Retrieved from



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